In light of supply chain disruptions in semiconductors and the growth in internet-connected products, U.S. investment in microchip fabrication is likely to rise over the next few years. The transition to electric vehicles could also contribute to growth in U.S.-based manufacturing.
We created this construction road map to help you think through every phase of industrial facility construction. Each section includes a top-line description of that phase, tips to help you plan, and the equipment used. A little planning goes a long way toward ensuring you have what you need when you need it, so you can keep the project on schedule and within budget.
Interested in learning more about how Sunbelt Rentals can help you plan your next industrial facility build? Contact us to talk to one of our equipment experts.
During the site survey and engineering, civil engineers and surveyors select a coordinate system and then stake out reference points and markers to guide the construction of everything that will be on the industrial facility site. The work starts with existing conditions, including the terrain, structures, and above- and below-ground infrastructure. If your structure includes multiple floors, you may also need horizontal control.
During excavation, grading, and erosion control, the excavation contractor and grading contractor work together with oversight from the general contractor to remove, add, shape, and compact soil and prepare it for the foundation. That could require a perfectly level base or one with a set slope. Once complete, the general contractor brings in the construction office trailer and on-site power and gets ready for pipe and utility line installation.
Utilities include power, gas, and water lines; underground cables; and sewage pipelines. First, the site utility contractor determines the exact location, depth, and layout of any existing infrastructure. Then they keep the worksite safe while overseeing electrical and plumbing contractors, who install additional underground utilities. The grading contractor ensures surfaces are level in preparation for pouring the foundation.
Every structure depends on the foundation or slab that supports it. The type of building, the variety of soil, the depth to bedrock, and the environmental risks such as wind or earthquakes are all critical factors in foundation design. Ultimately, a combination of concrete and steel below keeps the structure above stable.
Whether you’re building a steel, concrete, or wood structure, this phase of construction could involve many different activities. Steel contractors and ironworkers install posts, columns, beams, and base flooring. Concrete contractors use metal forms to hold concrete walls reinforced with rebar in place while they cure. Framing and roofing contractors ensure wall, ceiling, and roof assemblies meet fire ratings specified in the architectural plans.
Contractors install the building’s electrical and mechanical systems during this phase of construction. Electricians install wiring, panels, and appliances. Plumbers install piping for fixtures and appliances. The HVAC contractor installs air-conditioning, heating, and ventilation systems, which also require extensive wiring and piping. Fire protection systems are also installed during this phase. The building inspector reviews all of these systems to ensure they comply with the building code.
A team of contractors installs exterior cladding, which can include glass, metal, stucco, brick, and stone, before the exterior is painted. The roofing contractor installs the final layer of roofing material, such as modified bitumen or rubber, and roof accessories, such as solar panels, skylights, and green roof vegetation planters.
With the building’s shell completed, interior finishing contractors paint, as well as install insulation, drywall, trim, flooring, and ceiling panels. Meanwhile, electricians and plumbers complete the wiring, plumbing, lighting, and bathroom fixtures. Interior build-out also includes controls and thermostats for the HVAC equipment and mechanicals for the elevators.
During building commissioning, the general contractor ensures that all building systems perform according to the design intent and the building is delivered according to requirements laid out during the design phase. Commissioning often includes fine-tuning systems to ensure better energy efficiency and lower operations and maintenance costs.
Landscaping contributes to aesthetics, increases value and environmental health, and helps control erosion. Landscaping can also save on costs to heat and cool a building. Installation may include paving, masonry, irrigation, planting, water features, shade structures, retaining walls, and seasonal displays.
A construction project typically wraps up with the paving of driveways, parking lots, and sidewalks, as well as slabs for equipment. Crews add signage to serve both aesthetic and functional needs inside and outside. And finally, the owner must arrange for facilities maintenance over the long term.
Contact us to learn how Sunbelt Rentals can help you plan your next industrial facility build.