Glossary



Precision Steel Works performs an array of custom manufacturing and fabrication services such as prototyping, welding, assembly, finishing and testing.

Here you will find a glossary of metal fabricating industry terms to help customers gain in-depth knowledge and improve productivity.

Metal Fabricating Glossary of Terms

Metal Stamping:

A flat metal sheet is pressed in between a stamp die to create the desired shape.

Punching:

A punch press is used to punch holes through metal to create the desired part or component.

Laser cutting:

The precise method of using laser technology to cut metal to the right size.

Machining:

Machining describes the process of removing metal and reshaping it into the finished product, using drills and computer numerical control (CNC) machine tools.

Welding:

This fabrication process involves securely joining two pieces of metal together.

Shearing:

Shearing is creating one long single cut on metal sheets to cut it to the correct size.

Bending:

The metal is deformed or bent along a straight line.

Welding Processes

MIG Welding:

MIG welding, also known as gas metal arc welding (GMAW), is one of the most popular welding forms in the industry. In MIG, a wire is continuously fed from a spool and melted off in an electric arc. This welding process is ideal for welding stainless steel, mild steel and aluminum of all thickness.

TIG Welding:

TIG welding, also widely known as gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW), is a commonly used high-quality welding process. In TIG, a non-consumable Tungsten electrode delivers the current to an electric arc to produce the weld. This welding process is ideal for critical applications including maintenance, piping and shipbuilding.

SMAW Welding:

Stick metal arc welding, commonly referred to as stick welding, is the most versatile welding form. This welding process utilizes a consumable electrode and an electric power source to join most metals and alloys. SMAW welding is ideal for industrial applications such as the construction of steel parts and components.

RSW Welding:

Resistance spot welding is ideal for welding particular types of sheet metal, welded wire or wire mesh. In RSW welding, heat and pressures are used to create a bond between materials. Our welders perform RSW welding on cabinets, filters and other applications.

Fabrication Machinery & Metalworking Tools

Die:

A tool that supports the sheet metal as the punch penetrates through it. The die opening must be larger than the punch. The die size is determined by the material type and thickness being punched.

Punch press:

A type of machine press used to punch holes in sheet metal.

Punch:

A tool used to pierce through sheet metal.

Sheet metal screw:

A screw used to fasten together sheet metal components.

Stripper Plate:

A metal plate designed to surround the punch. Its purpose is to strip the sheet metal from the face of the punch.

Turret:

A revolver tool holder in a machine. The name is derived from the manner in which tools are mounted the press. An upper turret holds the punch holders (punches), and a lower turret holds the respective die holders (dies).

Want to learn more? Our engineering and fabrication staff can answer all of your questions.

Precision fabrication, every time. Schedule your custom manufacturing consultation today.

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